Over the past 13 years, Copenhagen has built bridges and tunnels that show the City’s commitment to integrating and promoting bicycle usage as an everyday mode of transport. These bridges are large and small; some are intricate and sophisticated in both their design and engineering, while others are simple and straightforward. No matter the cost or size, they all provide vital links that enable efficient and easy cycling in the City. Through these projects, citizens are shown that the bicycle is most often the easiest and fastest way to get from A to B. Below we present an updated list of Copenhagen’s bicycle bridges, starting with the latest project, Lille Langebro.
Lille Langebro (2019)
Lille Langebro is the fifteenth bike bridge to be built in Copenhagen in the last twenty years. It was designed by WilkinsonEyre in collaboration with the engineering firm BuroHappold and connects the city centre, adjacent to the new BLOX building by Realdania, to Christianhavn. The 160m bridge curves gracefully and elegantly as a seamless continuation from the road across the Inner Harbour. The slope is gradual, allowing for 5.4m clearance for boats, and the opening mechanisms are hidden in the piers to give the illusion of an uninterrupted line. To open, the bridge’s two swinging sections pivot horizontally to allow marine traffic to pass. The bridge is divided into a three metre pedestrian path and a four meter bi-direction cycleway. The city expects there to be approximately 10,500 users a day for the newly opened bridge, creating another vital connection through the city for sustainable and active transport.
1. Bryggebroen (2006)
Completed in 2006, Bryggebroen was the first new connection built over the Copenhagen harbour in centuries. Bryggebroen served to connect Havneholmen to Islands Brygge and beyond, giving Copenhageners a much-needed connection over the harbour. Unfortunately, once across the bridge into the city, riders were forced to either push their bicycles up steep stairs or take an inconvenient and indirect detour. Luckily, this problem was solved in 2014 with the opening of Cykelslangen (The Bicycle Snake).
2. Langeliniebroen (2006)
Langeliniebroen stretches across the train tracks to connect Østebro with Langelinie. This is an important connection, like the Østebro tunnel, as development along the waterfront increases and the paths across the physical barriers of road and train infrastructure become vital.
3. Åbuen (2008)
Åbuen bridge, opened in 2008, eliminated the challenge for bicycle users to cross Ågade, a major arterial road dividing Nørrebro and Frederiksberg. The solution is a bridge elevated on two berms that passes over the road and allows bicycle users to safely and seamlessly move between the two neighborhoods.
4. Cykelslangen (2014)
Cykelslangen is an elevated, rust-colored bicycle-only lane that elegantly connects Bryggebroen to the neighbouring districts. Shortly after opening, Cykelslangen became an instant Copenhagen urban icon for its practical, elegant and functional design. It is both a functional piece of infrastructure and a playful ode to the bicycle and its rider. In 2015, 20,700 bicycle users rode the curving track in a single day, far surpassing the city’s expected ridership projections.
5. Lersøparken-Ryparken Bro (2014)
The bridge between Lersøparken and Ryparken was completed in 2014, allowing for pedestrians and bicycle users to cross between two parks and neighbourhoods while avoiding indirect and busy roads.
6. Trangravsbroen (2015)
Opened in 2015, Trangravsbroen is a three-way bicycle and pedestrian bridge that connects Christianshavn, Holmen, and Arsenaløen. The bridge offers direct, fast, and safe connections from the city centre to homes and educational institutions and leisure activities, including the Opera House.
7. Proviantbroen (2015)
Proviantbroen is a vital addition that must be considered in conjunction with Trangrasvsbroen as the two together create a smooth and efficient way through Holmen and to the broader city. While Proviantbroen may seem small, it is these short connections that allow direct routes for bicycle users and pedestrians rather than forcing them to weave around the various canals.
8. Cirkelbroen (2015)
Designed by the Danish-Icelandic artist Olafur Eliasson, Cirkelbroen opened in 2015 and fixed a minor, but important gap in the mobility network of Copenhagen. This beautiful but modest bridge connects Christiansbro with Applebys Plads and accommodates approximately 5,000 daily users. The bridge has become yet another symbol for successful bike and pedestrian connectivity in Copenhagen.
9. Østerbro Tunnel (2015)
Østerbro Tunnel is an airy, well-lit connection that addressed the major barrier separating residents and workers between Østerbro and Nordhavn. The tunnel passes below the train tracks and allows an uninterrupted connection from one neighborhood to another, saving valuable time for the thousands of users.
10. Dyssengravenbroen (2015)
A small but important connection, this bridge straddles the narrow waterway that divides Amager from a long, thin landmass that is part of Christianshavn and then again into Christiania.
11. Laboratoriegravenbroen (2015)
Another small but important connection, this small bicycle and pedestrian-only bridge connects Refshalvej across the water to Holmen’s Arsenalvej.
12. Bryghusgade - Frederiksholm Kanal
A small bridge was built in 2016 to connect pedestrians and cyclists around Christians Brygge while the road was blocked during the construction of BLOX, the new home of the Danish Architecture Center. The bridge was supposed to be a temporary fixture but has remained even after the project was completed.
13. Inderhavnsbro (2016)
The Inner Harbour Bridge was completed in 2016 and connects Christianshavn with Nyhavn and the city centre. This is a vital connection and affords stunning views of the city, even if construction faced problems along the way.
14. Belvederbroen (2016)
The striking bridge, designed by SLA, was completed in 2016. The exterior of the bridge is a striking red and is composed of multiple sections of the same width that unfurl origami-like at each side. The bridge is only 25 metres long but is the last connection that links Enghave Brygge and Frederiks Brygge, allowing pedestrians and bicycle users to slip easily between the islands.
15. Alfred Nobels Bro (2018)
Alfred Nobels Bridge, also known as The Bench Bridge, was completed in late 2018 and connects Teglholmen and Enghave Brygge. Users were previously forced to take a busy and tedious detour along Vasbygade to commute to and from the city centre. The new bridge is a shortcut through the harbour that has the added benefits of less noise, traffic and nicer scenery. It is also an important connection for the newly developed area of Sluseholmen and residential and commercial projects in Enghave Brygge.